Baer 225: exhibition, conference and opera

28 February marks the 225th anniversary of the birth of the most famous naturalist born and educated in Estonia, Karl Ernst von Baer. The University of Tartu celebrates the anniversary with the following events:

  • From 13 January to 30 June 2017, the exhibition “From the far north to the Mediterranean: Karl Ernst von Baer in Italy 1845-1846”, is open in the University of Tartu Natural History Museum. The exhibition introduces Baer’s expedition to the Mediterranean Sea and the new species of marine biota discovered during his expedition.

  • On 10 March, the Baer Day and Conference will be held in UT Natural History Museum (working language: English).

    - Erki Tammiksaar – “Why did Karl Ernst von Baer travel to Italy in 1845–1846?”
    - Margherita Raineri – “Karl Ernst von Baer in Italy (1845–1846) and his relationships with Italian naturalists”
    - Maxim Vinarski – “Remains of Karl Ernst von Baer’s malacological collection in the Zoological Institute, Saint Petersburg”
    - Ken Kalling, Erki Tammiksaar – “Karl Ernst von Baer and the craniological collection of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences”

    Additional information: Erki Tammiksaar, senior research fellow in the history of geography of the University of Tartu, Centre for Science Studies Karl Ernst von Baer House of Estonian University of Life Sciences, 737 5087,

  • On 10 March at 7pm an opera dedicated to Baer will be performed in UT assembly hall. Additional information: Kulno Kungla, manager of Tartu Students’ Club, 730 2401,

Karl Ernst von Baer (1792–1876) was a naturalist and embryologist who was born in Estonia and studied at the University of Tartu. 28 February is the 225th anniversary of the birth of Karl Ernst von Baer, the most famous naturalist to come from Estonia. In 1827, Baer discovered the mammalian ovum, thereby laying the foundation for modern embryology. The portrait of Baer was also depicted on the 2-kroon banknote of the newly independent Republic of Estonia.

Erki Tammiksaar

UT Natural History Museum, UT assembly hall